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Note: You will notice a few duplicates in these records, and that is because some of the articles and books were used for more than one chapter in Smart Mobs: The Next Social Revolution.

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Title: The Technological Society, trans. J. Wilkinson
Author: Jacques Ellul
Publication: New York: Knopf, 1964
Chapter: Always-On Panopticon...or Cooperation Amplifier


Title: Modern boys and mobile girls
Author: William Gibson
Publication: The Observer
Publication Date: 4/1/2001
Abstract or Excerpt: Sci-fi author William Gibson contends that the future can be found in Japan. Why? Because the Japanese always seem to be ahead of the game, early adaptors, setters of trends. Why do all roads seem to lead to Japan? Gibson says it's "[b]ecause Japan is the global imagination's default setting for the future. The Japanese seem to the rest of us to live several measurable clicks down the time line. The Japanese are the ultimate Early Adaptors, and the sort of fiction I write behoves me to pay serious heed to that. If you believe, as I do, that all cultural change is essentially technologically driven, you pay attention to the Japanese. They've been doing it for more than a century now, and they really do have a head start on the rest of us, if only in terms of what we used to call 'future shock' (but which is now simply the one constant in all our lives).
Subjects: Emerging Technologies (ET), Japan, Mobile Phones, Ubiquitous Computing
Keywords: mobile, girls, Tokyo, portable, techno-marvel
Chapter: Shibuya Epiphany


Title: Shockwave Rider
Author: John Brunner
Publication: New York: Del Rey, 1975
Chapter: Computation Nations and Swarm Supercomputers


Title: Some Camera to Watch Over You
Author: Julia Scheeres
Publication: Wired News
Publication Date: 4/5/2001
Abstract or Excerpt: Scott Fry is the president of Pedagog USA, a wireless application service provider. The company is trying to establish mobile surveillance systems in the United States as it has done in Great Britain. Software transmits video images over wireless networks to handheld devices such as Palm Pilots. The big deal is that the technology is very cheap to run. Pedagog's software enables video images to be transmitted over wireless networks to portable devices such as Palm Pilots or laptops for a fraction of the price of traditional closed circuit television (CCTV) systems.
Subjects: London, Privacy, Surveillance, Ubiquitous Computing, Wireless
Keywords: Pedagog USA, law enforcement, surveillance cameras, face recognition technology, closed circuit television (CCTV), Data Protection Act, British government
Chapter: Always-On Panopticon...or Cooperation Amplifier


Title: Music-Swapping Is Here to Stay
Author: Brad King
Publication: Wired News
Publication Date: 4/6/2001
Abstract or Excerpt: Record companies and artists concerned about profits and the copyright infringement are fighting against the sharing of MP3 files, which are a digital format that makes songs small enough to move around on the Internet very quickly.
Subjects: Collective Computation, Cooperation, P2P
Keywords: Napster, copyright protection, Gnutella, Recording Industry Association of America, MP3s
Chapter: Computation Nations and Swarm Supercomputers


Title: r "New York City: A Surveillance Camera Town
Publication Date: 12/13/1998
Abstract or Excerpt: Video surveillance cameras have arrived on the streets of New York City. Volunteers, upset by this fact and who believe that personal freedoms are threatened and privacy rights infringed upon because of the cameras, are trying to raise awareness and open avenues for dialogue. Volunteers want to record every private and public camera that can be found in public spaces in Manhatten and insert the locations into a comprehensive map. To date, they have recorded 2,397 surveillance cameras.
Subjects: Activism, Location Sensitive Devices (LSD), Privacy, Surveillance
Keywords: New York Civil Liberties Union, New York City, Surveillance Camera Project
Chapter: Always-On Panopticon...or Cooperation Amplifier


Title: Nokia Demonstrates First XHTML Microbrowser on Standard Mobile Phone
Author: Nokia
Publication Date: 3/21/2001
Abstract or Excerpt: Nokia has integrated the first XHTML microbrowser on a mobile phone, allowing the convergence of the web with the wireless world. Since the technology is open source and standardized, it can also support current WAP content, WML, XHTML, and offer compatibility for the next generation of services.
Subjects: Emerging Technologies (ET), Helsinki, Mobile Phones, Ubiquitous Computing, Wireless
Keywords: Nokia, XHTML
Chapter: Wireless Quilts


Title: Singing clothes: New smart fabrics turn touch into tunes
Author: Barry Brown
Publication: MSNBC
Publication Date: 2/15/2001
Abstract or Excerpt: Smart fabrics were originally developed by the Canadian Space Agency as a way to better control the movements of its robot arms. Currently, smart fabrics are beginning to be used by the music industry to make small adjustments to volume levels, and to act as virtual mixing boards. The technology also has other applications, including possibilities for clothes that can play music.
Subjects: Emerging Technologies (ET), Ubiquitous Computing, Wireless
Keywords: smart clothes, music, Tactex
Chapter: Wireless Quilts


Title: Dust bugs
Author: Duncan Graham-Rowe
Publication: New Scientist
Publication Date: 8/28/1999
Abstract or Excerpt: Cleanliness Freaks have a new rationale for their pathological hatred of dust--it could soon be spying on them. Packed full of sensors, lasers and communications transceivers, particles of "smart dust" are being designed to communicate with one another. They could be used for a range of applications from weather monitoring to spying have already shown that they can monitor the dust 21 kilometres across San Francisco Bay.
Subjects: Collective Computation, Emerging Technologies (ET), Privacy, Surveillance, Ubiquitous Computing, Wireless
Keywords: MEMS, nanotech, smart-dust, sensors, lasers, motes, swarm behaviour
Chapter: The Era of Sentient Things


Title: ActionForum
Abstract or Excerpt: Slashdot-esque moderated forum software, seemingly aimed at a more professional audience. "ActionForums are reader rated discussion forums. They are structured to promote a productive dialogue by the transparent filtering down of inappropriate or marginally relevant comments. They make clear where agreement and disagreement lie. ActionForums support threads of comments and replies to comments ordered by the preference of the participants rather than chronologically. ActionForums are fair and non-partisan because they operate according to a content neutral set of rules, which are applied automatically. ActionForum is a web-based service that: * Encourages Dialogue * Builds Communities * Enables Collaboration * Identifies Areas of Consensus * Generates Reporting that gives the information you need to take an Action
Subjects: Cooperation, Reputation Systems
Keywords: user-moderated forums, dialogue, consensus, chronological forums, facilitate agreement
Chapter: The Evolution of Reputation


Title: The Wireless Word: Can Bridget Jones survive the SMS diet?
Author: Maija Pesola
Publication: FT.com's Wireless Newsletter
Publication Date: 4/23/2001
Abstract or Excerpt: Bridget Jones' Diary and Riot Entertainment to join forces. Riot Entertainment, the Finnish wireless entertainment publisher, announced earlier this week that it would launch a Bridget Jones mobile phone service to coincide with the April 13 UK premiere of the film version of Helen Fielding's best-selling book, Bridget Jones' Diary.
Subjects: Handhelds, Mobile Phones, SMS, Wireless
Keywords: Riot Entertainment, Bridget Jones' Diary, texting, mobile phone service
Chapter: Wireless Quilts


Title: P2PTracker "A Guide to the Next Net"
Author: Terry Hostetler and Matt Lindenburg
Publication Date: 1/1/2001
Abstract or Excerpt: P2P Portal containing the usual portal content: news and commentary, analysis, company profiles and other research, guest columns, links, forums. Who are the players and who are the pretenders? What technologies have the best potential? What areas of P2P have the highest likelihood of succeeding? These are the questions that P2Ptracker hopes to answer. It is a site for those who want the straight information from informed sources. Not just links or a web log. A place where P2P professionals can stay in touch with their community and competition.
Subjects: Collective Computation, Cooperation, Emerging Technologies (ET), P2P, Ubiquitous Computing
Keywords: networking, file-swapping, file sharing
Chapter: The Era of Sentient Things


Title: Pocit Labs
Abstract or Excerpt: Makers of wireless p2p handheld client technologies ("BlueTalk") based on Bluetooth. Allows users to join and drop the connection based on their proximity to other devices. The unique product, BlueTalk(tm), is the world's first true peer-to-peer network client for handheld devices. Key features and benefits of BlueTalk(tm) -Allows automatic creation of ad hoc networks -Enables simultaneous communication with several nodes -Makes external infrastructure unnecessary -Simplifies Bluetooth application development -Notifies applications of service availability
Subjects: Emerging Technologies (ET), Handhelds, Mobile Phones, P2P, Ubiquitous Computing, Wireless
Keywords: wireless, Bluetooth, Ad hoc networking, BlueTalk
Chapter: Wireless Quilts


Title: Free Riding on Gnutella
Author: Eytan Adar and Bernardo A. Huberman
Publication: First Monday, volume 5, number 10 (October 2000)
Abstract or Excerpt: An extensive analysis of user traffic on Gnutella shows a significant amount of free riding in the system. By sampling messages on the Gnutella network over a 24-hour period, we established that almost 70% of Gnutella users share no files, and nearly 50% of all responses are returned by the top 1% of sharing hosts. Furthermore, we found out that free riding is distributed evenly between domains, so that no one group contributes significantly more than others, and that peers that volunteer to share files are not necessarily those who have desirable ones. We argue that free riding leads to degradation of the system performance and adds vulnerability to the system. If this trend continues copyright issues might become moot compared to the possible collapse of such systems.
Subjects: Collective Computation, Cooperation, Emerging Technologies (ET), P2P, Privacy, Sociology
Keywords: Gnutella, file-sharing, ad hoc networks, free riding, Huberman, Gnutella network, distribution, distributed networks, sharing hosts, The Tragedy of the Digital Commons
Chapter: Computation Nations and Swarm Supercomputers


Title: In Praise of Freeloaders
Author: Clay Shirky
Publication: The O'Reilly P2P Conference: Sept. 18-21, 2001, Washington, DC
Publication Date: 12/1/2000
Abstract or Excerpt: Clay Shirky discusses the upside of freeloading.
Subjects: Cooperation, P2P
Keywords: freeloading, commons, Napster, file-sharing systems, The Tragedy of the Commons, Mojo Nation, Xerox PARC, Gnutella
Chapter: Computation Nations and Swarm Supercomputers


Title: 21st-Century Maps Reflect Changing Technologies and Needs
Author: Interview with National Geographic Maps President William Stoehr
Publication: National Geographic Society
Publication Date: 4/30/2001
Abstract or Excerpt: An interview with National Geographic Maps President William Stoehr that outlines the state-of-the-art in cartography, covering several areas of map-making and publication. National Geographic now has kkiosks that can make a map on demand, with or without any areas and information the user might desire. They are also having maps that are downloadable to handhelds and can be used in conjunction with GPS systems. With mobile devices, and being in digital format, they can easily be update to reflect any changes. As well, they are offering a map community, where special-interest users can shre information and maps. He then goes on about the future of map-making, which involves interactivity, 3d, and holography to give the viewer an immersive experience.
Subjects: Emerging Technologies (ET), Handhelds, Location Sensitive Devices (LSD), Mobile Phones, Wireless
Keywords: maps, cartography, Global Positioning System (GPS), MapMachines, mapXchange
Chapter: Wireless Quilts


Title: Plastic Goes Wireless with Upoc Deal
Author: @NY Staff
Publication: atnewyork.com
Publication Date: 4/30/2001
Abstract or Excerpt: Merger allows subscribers to participate in a moderated discussion community from wireless devices. "New York-based Web publisher Automatic Media plans to send blips of content from its Plastic.com discussion site to subscribers of wireless messaging play Upoc.com. The two companies have launched a Plastic.com branded group to allow Upoc users to get short text-based news on cell phones and other wireless devices."
Subjects: Emerging Technologies (ET), Handhelds, Mobile Phones, SMS, Wireless
Keywords: Upoc, Plastic.com
Chapter: Wireless Quilts


Title: What is the WIZ project? Opening statements
Author: Steve Bush
Publication Date: 4/1/1999
Abstract or Excerpt: Proposes an entirely new architecture for computing, from hardware to network, that simplifies everything. Calls for small interoperational brains (WIZes) that are in all objects that can talk to each other. Seems to have a strong background in computers, but thinks that a paradigm shift is necessary for the industry to continue growth. The WIZ is my vision of the future. It starts with the creation of a new race of creatures, little guys I call WIZes. And it follows through with how they will change the way the Human race relates to the material universe and to each other.
Subjects: Collective Computation, Emerging Technologies (ET), Ubiquitous Computing
Keywords: WIZ, network, paradigm, computation, vision
Chapter: The Era of Sentient Things


Title: False alarm
Author: Catherine Zandonella
Publication: New Scientist magazine
Publication Date: 4/25/2001
Abstract or Excerpt: Graduates students at Stanford have come up with a way to detect cheats in distributed computation projects (which sometimes offer incentives for people who return lots of data) by placing false hits within the data to be parsed to prove that it has been fully crunched.
Subjects: Collective Computation, Cooperation, P2P
Keywords: distributed computing, SETI, cheating
Chapter: Computation Nations and Swarm Supercomputers


Title: Often unguarded wireless networks can be eavesdroppers' gold mine
Author: Lee Gomes
Publication: The Wall Street Journal
Publication Date: 4/27/2001
Abstract or Excerpt: As an experiment, two "white hat" security persons drive around San Francisco with simple wireless networking equipment in an attempt to see how many corporate wireless networks are unsecured. They are able to log into many corporate networks from the parking lot and just by driving by in a car.
Subjects: Emerging Technologies (ET), Privacy, Surveillance, Wireless
Keywords: security, corporate networks, war driving,
Chapter: Always-On Panopticon...or Cooperation Amplifier


Title: Superlocal Services Create New Business
Author: Par Strom
Publication: Atomer och bitar AB
Publication Date: 2/1/2001
Abstract or Excerpt: Covers some potential uses of Bluetooth, mostly dealing with advertising (billboards, street advertising, storefronts, all with the ability to disseminate and gather information on those who show an interest in the advertised product). It also covers some criticisms, such as the current state-of-the-art security and pricing.
Subjects: Privacy, Wireless
Keywords: Bluetooth, Blip, Sweden, Ericsson
Chapter: Wireless Quilts


Title: Trust Among Strangers in Internet Transactions: Empirical Analysis of eBay's Reputation System
Author: Paul Resnick and Richard Zeckhauser
Publication: Working Paper for the NBER workshop on empirical studies of electronic commerce
Publication Date: 2/5/2001
Abstract or Excerpt: Reputations that are transmitted from person to person can deter moral hazard and discourage entry by bad types in markets where players repeat transactions but rarely with the same player. On the Internet, information about past transactions may be both limited and potentially unreliable, but it can be distributed far more systematically than the informal gossip among friends that characterizes conventional marketplaces. One of the earliest and best known Internet reputation systems is run by eBay, which gathers comments from buyers and sellers about each other after each transaction. Examination of a large data set from 1999 reveals several interesting features of this system, which facilitates many millions of sales each month. First, despite incentives to free ride, feedback was provided more than half the time. Second, well beyond reasonable expectation, it was almost always positive. Third, reputation profiles were predictive of future performance. However, the net feedback scores that eBay displays encourages Pollyanna assessments of reputations, and is far from the best predictor available. Fourth, although sellers with better reputations were more likely to sell their items, they enjoyed no boost in price, at least for the two sets of items that we examined. Fifth, there was a high correlation between buyer and seller feedback, suggesting that the players reciprocate and retaliate.
Subjects: Cooperation, Privacy, Reputation Systems
Keywords: eBay, trust, stoning, auction, sellers, buyers
Chapter: The Evolution of Reputation


Title: For Ericsson, Motorola, Nokia - It Takes a Wireless Village
Author: J.B. Houck
Publication: NewsFactor Network
Publication Date: 4/26/2001
Abstract or Excerpt: Instant messaging, which lets users send messages in real-time between devices, is evolving rapidly to include rich multimedia content, such as audio and video clips and images with traditional text messaging. Ericsson (Nasdaq: ERICY), Motorola (NYSE: MOT) and Nokia (NYSE: NOK) announced they have established a mobile instant messaging and presence initiative named "Wireless Village" to define and promote a set of universal specifications for mobile instant messaging services.
Subjects: Emerging Technologies (ET), Handhelds, Mobile Phones, SMS, Ubiquitous Computing, Wireless
Keywords: wireless, text messaging, instant messaging, Wireless Village, Ericsson, Motorola, Nokia, MMS, XML, SIP, interoperability
Chapter: Wireless Quilts


Title: Activists Use Wireless
Author: D. Ian Hopper
Publication: M-Business Daily
Publication Date: 1/19/2001
Abstract or Excerpt: An article about how technologically-adept "mobs" were using various CMC tools to organize and document their protests at the Washington, DC inauguration of U.S. President George W. Bush. Tools included: SMS (Upoc), video and audio broadcasts to a potential world-wide audience, email lists and chat for organization, digital cameras and handhelds for documentation of police abuses, and mobile phones and handhelds to organize and communicate during the event.
Subjects: Activism, Cooperation, Handhelds, Mobile Phones, SMS, Wireless
Keywords: Upoc, hacktivists, protests, CMC tools, Resistance
Chapter: Smart Mobs and the Power of the Mobile Many


Title: IM poised to become instant information tool
Author: John Borland and Stefanie Olsen
Publication: CNET News.com
Publication Date: 4/25/2001
Abstract or Excerpt: Announcement of a product by ActiveBuddy, a company which has devised simple agents that are available through IM. They sit on an IM buddy list that is available upon call and search whichever data source they are associated with (i.e. - FinanceBuddy grabs finance news, SportsBuddy grabs sports news, etc).
Subjects: Emerging Technologies (ET), Mobile Phones, Wireless
Keywords: agents, instant messenger, IM, ActiveBuddy, chatterbots
Chapter: Wireless Quilts


Title: Elektrosmog
Author: Lars Aronsson
Publication: Elektrosmog
Abstract or Excerpt: Discussion group about wireless "Open Networking" project in Sweden, open to anyone who wants to discuss issues about, and set up wireless networks. Elektrosmog is not a network operator, but a discussion forum for people who are interested in these topics, and some of them operate public access points that are open to Elektrosmog members. A list of access points might appear on this website later. For now, join the mailing list and ask where they are.
Subjects: Cooperation, Emerging Technologies (ET), Wireless
Keywords: IEEE 802.11b, WLAN, electromagnetic radiation, Elektrosmog
Chapter: Wireless Quilts


Title: Cellphone surgery upsets Hong Kong
Author: Indira A.R. Lakshmanan
Publication: The Boston Globe
Publication Date: 4/21/2001
Abstract or Excerpt: A doctor answered a cell-phone call during surgery, and apparently caused further damage to the patient he was working on. It has crossed the line of acceptable phone usage. Another main aspect of the issue that has enflamed people is that the Hong Kong's Medical Council refused to discipline the doctor, even though he was not focused on the patiient, and even though there are laws against anyone using phones in hospitals because they could potentially disrupt medical equipment.
Subjects: Mobile Phones
Keywords: Medical Misconduct, cell phones, Hong Kong, surgery
Chapter: Always-On Panopticon...or Cooperation Amplifier


Title: Can We Talk about the Future? An Imagined Dialog
Author: Caroline S. Wagner
Publication: Information Impacts Magazine
Publication Date: 2/22/2001
Abstract or Excerpt: Inspired by writers of old, as well as a lecture given as a dialog by Lionel Tiger at a DARPA-sponsored seminar at RAND in 1998,[1] I have used the give and take of conversation to contrast different ways of thinking about technology and the future. Let's look in on this husband and wife, finding time to talk over coffee on a recent Sunday morning.
Subjects: Emerging Technologies (ET), Handhelds, Mobile Phones, Sociology, Ubiquitous Computing
Keywords: futurism, scenarios,
Chapter: Always-On Panopticon...or Cooperation Amplifier


Title: Michael Mauboussin: New-Economy Pinup
Author: Caroline Waxler
Publication: eCompany Now
Publication Date: 11/1/2000
Abstract or Excerpt: Michael Mauboussin, Credit Suisse First Boston's chief U.S. investment strategist, apparently has a lot of Economy sector ears listening to him. He takes concepts from many different fields (history, physics, biology), and uses them to draw conclusions about market factors. His dotcom theory involves the idea that the winners will be the ones to get the most market share.
Subjects: Cooperation
Keywords: business, economy, Mauboussin, dotcom, eBay
Chapter: Always-On Panopticon...or Cooperation Amplifier


Title: Center for Information Technology Research in the Interest of Society (CITRIS)
Abstract or Excerpt: The Center for Information Technology Research in the Interest of Society (CITRIS) will create information technology to tackle society's most critical needs. CITRIS research will focus initially on the areas of energy efficiency, transportation, seismic safety, education, health care, and environmental monitoring.
Subjects: Emerging Technologies (ET), Handhelds, Mobile Phones, Ubiquitous Computing, Wireless
Keywords: Governor Gray Davis, CITRIS, Societal-scale Information Systems (SISs), sensors
Chapter: The Era of Sentient Things




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