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Note: You will notice a few duplicates in these records, and that is because some of the articles and books were used for more than one chapter in Smart Mobs: The Next Social Revolution.

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Title: Collective Brainpower: Researchers Muster Online Volunteers for Help in Completing Large Projects
Author: Pamela Licalzi O'Connell
Publication: Marin Independent Journal
Publication Date: 3/17/2001
Abstract or Excerpt: Researchers muster online volunteers for help in completing large projects.
Subjects: Collective Computation, Cooperation
Keywords: collaboration, research, volunteer, Mindpixel, Chris McKinstry, distributed human projects, Open Mind Initiative, Open Directory Project, Openmind Commonsense, Distributed Proofreaders, Clickworkers
Chapter: Computation Nations and Swarm Supercomputers

Title: Cooltown
Publication: Hewlitt-Packard
Abstract or Excerpt: Cooltown represents HP's vision of the future, a world where everyone and everything is connected to the Web through wired or wireless links. Cooltown is built on the belief that this paradigm of mobility will change the way companies do business locally and globally, as well as the way individuals live their lives.
Subjects: Emerging Technologies (ET), Handhelds, Location Sensitive Devices (LSD), Mobile Phones, Ubiquitous Computing, Wireless
Keywords: CoolTown
Chapter: The Era of Sentient Things

Title: Echelon Corporation
Abstract or Excerpt: Echelon Corporation is the creator of the LonWorks platform, the world's most widely used standard for connecting everyday devices such as appliances, thermostats, air conditioners, electric meters, and lighting systems to each other and to the Internet. Echelon's hardware and software products enable manufacturers and integrators to create smart devices and systems that lower cost, increase convenience, improve service, and enhance productivity, quality, and safety. Thousands of companies have developed and installed more than 16 million LonWorks based devices into Coachs, buildings, factories, trains, and other systems worldwide.
Subjects: Emerging Technologies (ET), Ubiquitous Computing, Wireless
Keywords: interoperability, LonWorks, networks
Chapter: The Era of Sentient Things

Title: The Cell Phone and the Crowd: Messianic Politics in the Contemporary Philippines
Author: Vicente Rafael
Publication Date: 5/20/2002
Abstract or Excerpt: A large cross-section of Philippine society gathered to demand the resignation of President Joseph "Erap" Estrada after his impeachment trial was suddenly aborted by the eleven senators widely believed to be under his influence who refused to include key evidence that would have shown the wealth he amassed from illegal numbers game while in office. The impeachment proceedings had been watched avidly on national TV and listened to on radio. Most viewers and listeners were keenly aware of the evidence of theft and corruption on the part of Estrada and his family.[4] Once the pro-Estrada senators put an abrupt end to the hearing, however, those watching TV or listening to the radio were moved to protest in the streets. Television and radio had fixed them in their homes and offices watching and listening to court proceedings. But at a crucial moment, these media also drew them away from their seats as spectators to become part of a crowd that had formed around a common wish: the resignation of the president.
Subjects: Activism, Cooperation, Handhelds, Mobile Phones, SMS
Keywords: texting, Philippine, smart mobs, mania, Generation Txt, People Power II, Mumford
Chapter: Smart Mobs and the Power of the Mobile Many

Title: The Dream Machine: JCR Licklider and the Revolution That Made Computing Personal
Author: M. Mitchell Waldrop
Publication: New York: Viking, 2001
Chapter: Always-On Panopticon...or Cooperation Amplifier

Title: Text messaging becomes a menace in the Philippines
Author: Arturo Bariuad
Publication: The Straits Times, Philippines Bureau
Publication Date: 3/3/2001
Abstract or Excerpt: Text messaging becomes a menace in the Philippines.
Subjects: Activism, Cooperation, Mobile Phones, SMS, Wireless
Keywords: messaging, texters, Philippines, Estrada, Manila
Chapter: Smart Mobs and the Power of the Mobile Many

Title: Black Flag Over Seattle
Author: Paul de Armond
Publication: Albion Monitor 72
Publication Date: 3/2000
Abstract or Excerpt: Welcome to Seattle Washington, as dawn rises on Tuesday, November 30, 1999, and about five hundred members of law enforcement prepared for duty. Sharing their own moments of stillness are about 35,000 protesters plus 15,000 members of organized labor. The police are outnumbered 10 to 1.
Chapter: Smart Mobs and the Power of the Mobile Many

Title: Internet-based Distributed Computing Projects
Author: Editor: Kirk Pearson
Abstract or Excerpt: "What is Distributed Computing?" Distributed computing is a science which solves a large problem by giving small parts of the problem to many computers to solve and then combining the solutions for the parts into a solution for the problem. Recent distributed computing projects have been designed to use the computers of hundreds of thousands of volunteers all over the world, via the Internet, to look for extra-terrestrial radio signals, to look for prime numbers so large that they have more than one million digits, and to find more effective drugs to fight the AIDS virus. These projects are so large, and require so much computing power to solve, that they would be impossible for any one computer or person to solve in a reasonable amount of time.
Subjects: Collective Computation, Cooperation, Emerging Technologies (ET), P2P
Keywords: distributed computing, computing, volunteer projects,
Chapter: Computation Nations and Swarm Supercomputers

Title: Event-Driven, Personalizable, Mobile Interactive Spaces
Author: Theo Kanter
Publication: Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Handheld and Ubiquitous Computing (huc2k), 24-27 September 2000, Bristol UK
Publication Date: 9/1/2000
Abstract or Excerpt: An infrastructure is currently being deployed for delivering multimedia services using IP end-to-end. Mobile devices and application resources, because of their computing apabilities, can be enabled with adaptive functionality to shape the services according to the communication conditions and the user's context. This raises the question of how events should be managed to create a common awareness of multimedia content and resources in mobile networks. These events can be generated either by the user's behavior, movement, availability of (new) mobile resources, or the application server content changes. In this paper, we propose using XML-based protocols and agents operating on a distributed tuple-space to enable common awareness of these events in applications for mobile users, without the necessity of these events being defined or announced in advance. This facilitates the creation of a new class of personalizable applications in interactive mobile spaces, as demonstrated in our urban wireless testbed.
Subjects: Mobile Phones, Stockholm, Ubiquitous Computing, Wireless
Keywords: pervasive, smart spaces, smart membranes, Mobile Internet, mobile computing, agents, personalizable, sensors
Chapter: Wireless Quilts

Title: Adaptive Personal Mobile Communication in 3G and Beyond
Author: Theo Kanter
Publication: Special issue of IEEE Personal Communications -- European R&D on Fourth Generation Mobile and Wireless IP Networks
Publication Date: 8/1/2001
Abstract or Excerpt: Currently, 3GPP is reinventing the telecom model of services in wireless Internet -- a model that is not well suited to (1) meet the demands for new modes of personal mobile communication, enabled by wireless packet services and multimedia devices, or (2) the ability to deal with increasingly heterogeneous wireless infrastructure (a.k.a. 4G). This article characterizes the steps taken in successive generations of wireless communication networks for personal communication. The article then continues to present a novel service architecture for open communication in wireless Internet, describing its necessary properties and evaluating its merits. Finally, we present our experiences from building application prototypes based on our service architecture, in an urban wireless testbed consisting of WLAN extensions to a Gigabit-Ethernet network.
Subjects: Helsinki, Mobile Phones, Stockholm, Wireless
Keywords: 3GPP, mobile communication, wireless Internet, WLAN
Chapter: Wireless Quilts

Title: Context-Aware Personal Communication for Teleliving
Author: Theo Kanter, Claes Frisk, and Henrik Gustafsson
Publication: Personal Technologies (vol. 2 issue 4, 1998: p. 255 - 261)
Publication Date: 7/28/1999
Abstract or Excerpt: Personal Communication with mixed voice and data can be offered as a very rich set of applications, which can be rapidly introduced at low cost. Wireless and positioning technologies in combination with Internet's demonstrated capability to integrate voice and data are further leveraged by the use of software agents. Our work clearly demonstrates the benefits of providing context-aware personal communication in terms of its potential to bringing about the rapid introduction, at low cost, of a rich communication space where artifacts, people, and non-physical entities are integral parts.
Subjects: Emerging Technologies (ET), Mobile Phones, Stockholm, Ubiquitous Computing
Keywords: context-aware, communication, multimedia, agents, teleliving, pervasive computing, ParcTab
Chapter: Wireless Quilts

Title: Next Messaging: An Introduction to SMS, EMS, MMS
Author: Mobile
Abstract or Excerpt: Mobile messaging is evolving beyond text by taking a development path from SMS (Short Message Service) to EMS (Enhanced Messaging Service) to MMS (Multimedia Messaging Service). Mobile Lifestreams already publishes its renowned 320 page SMS report called "Success 4 SMS" and its new report "Next Messaging: From SMS to EMS to MMS" of which this white paper is a summary. This white paper has a related Internet site at plus sub-sites at, and to keep readers up-to-date with the very latest developments.
Subjects: London, Mobile Phones, SMS
Keywords: GPRS, EMS, MMS
Chapter: Always-On Panopticon...or Cooperation Amplifier

Title: Physical Place and CyberPlace: The Rise of Personalized Networking
Author: Barry Wellman
Publication: International Journal of Urban and Regional Research 25 (2001), Special Issue on "Networks, Class and Place," edited by Talja Blokland and Mike Savage
Abstract or Excerpt: My principal concerns in this essay are: 1. How networks of community exist in physical places-such as neighbourhoods and cyberplaces-such as the Internet; 2. How the development of computer supported community networks affects access to resources. Computer networks are social networks. Social affordances of computer supported social networks-broader bandwidth, wireless portability, globalized connectivity, personalization-are fostering the movement from door-to-door and place-to-place communities to person-to-person and role-to-role communities. People connect in social networks rather than in communal groups. In- person and computer-mediated communication are integrated in communities characterized by personalized networking.
Subjects: Cooperation, Mobile Phones, Wireless
Keywords: online social networks, Place-to-Place, networks, personalization, neighbourhoods, socializing, milieus, connectivity, Netville
Chapter: Always-On Panopticon...or Cooperation Amplifier

Title: Machines That Become Us
Author: An international conference, April 18 - 19, 2001
Publication: NEC USA C&C Research Laboratories
Publication Date: 4/18/2001
Abstract or Excerpt: The conference will explore how personal technologies, especially communication technologies, are assimilated into people's lives, bodies and homes, and with what the consequences of this assimilation have been for their self-image and social relationships. A special focus is the relationship between the "second skin," that is clothing and fashion, and technology. Here we wish to analyze the confluence of these elements as both a means to extend human communication capabilities (in both physical and symbolic terms), and as a subject itself of interpersonal communication. In this regard, attention will be devoted to the way individuals and groups use technology as a symbol or luxury, particularly in the context of fashion and style.
Subjects: Mobile Phones, SMS, Surveillance, Ubiquitous Computing, Wireless
Keywords: Pervasive Computing, social networks
Chapter: Always-On Panopticon...or Cooperation Amplifier

Title: Enhancing the Internet with Reputations: An OpenPrivacy white paper
Author: Fen Labalme and Kevin Burton
Publication Date: 3/1/2001
Abstract or Excerpt: is building an Internet platform to take us into the next age - the age of secure personalized information. Basic to this goal is a platform that will provide people with complete control over their personal information and aid them in protecting their privacy while simultaneously enabling more efficient data mining by marketers and the access to highly desirable market segments by advertisers. OpenPrivacy creates a secure marketplace for anonymous demographic and profile information, and a distributed, attack-resistant, reputation-based rating system that can be used for everything from item selection and ordering to search result filtering. Further, this system is completely open, allowing multiple communication mechanisms, languages and ontological meanings to coexist. This platform thrives on diversity.
Subjects: Cooperation, Reputation Systems
Keywords: Fen Labalme,, OpenPrivacy, opinions, bias, reputations, personal profile, Reputation Calculation Engine (RCE), reputation capital, To wear a cloak of anonymity
Chapter: The Evolution of Reputation

Title: Crypto Anarchy and Virtual Communities
Author: Timothy C. May
Abstract or Excerpt: The combination of strong, unbreakable public key cryptography and virtual network communities in cyberspace will produce interesting and profound changes in the nature of economic and social systems. Crypto anarchy is the cyberspatial realization of anarcho-capitalism, transcending national boundaries and freeing individuals to make the economic arrangements they wish to make consensually.
Subjects: Privacy, Surveillance
Keywords: cryptography,
Chapter: Always-On Panopticon...or Cooperation Amplifier

Title: Crime low on eBay site
Author: Associated Press
Publication: Marin Independent Journal, B4, B6
Publication Date: 12/29/2000
Abstract or Excerpt: How random strangers can cooperate.
Subjects: Cooperation, Reputation Systems
Keywords: eBay
Chapter: The Evolution of Reputation

Title: Cell Phone Craze May Be Key to Philippines' Future
Author: Benjamin Pimentel
Publication: San Francisco Chronicle
Publication Date: 2/11/2001
Abstract or Excerpt: Philippines is a nation of texting, even using the technology to overthrow a government.
Subjects: Activism, Mobile Phones, SMS, Wireless
Keywords: Philippines, texting
Chapter: Smart Mobs and the Power of the Mobile Many

Title: Cell-Phone Text Messages Unite Protestors
Author: Adam Brown
Publication: Associated Press
Publication Date: 1/20/2001
Abstract or Excerpt: The beep of a cellular phone sounds the rallying cry for the text brigade, the tech-savvy Filipinos who have taken the fight against President Joseph Estrada into cyberspace.
Subjects: Activism, Mobile Phones, SMS
Keywords: smart mobs, texting, Filipinos, Philippines, Estrada
Chapter: Smart Mobs and the Power of the Mobile Many

Title: Tapping global positioning technology to send an S.O.S., raise drawbridges and monitor workouts
Author: Sabra Chartrand
Publication: New York Times
Publication Date: 3/5/2001
Abstract or Excerpt: A University of North Carolina researcher has patented a system that can send a silent distress signal along with the victim's location to emergency personnel.
Subjects: Emerging Technologies (ET), Location Sensitive Devices (LSD), Mobile Phones, Wireless
Keywords: GPS, patents, 911
Chapter: Wireless Quilts

Title: The Soul of the Ultimate Machine
Author: John Markoff
Publication: The New York Times
Publication Date: 12/10/2000
Abstract or Excerpt: Dr. Larry Smarr explains his vision of a thinking machine that could emerge spontaneously from billions of interconnected computers.
Subjects: Collective Computation, P2P, Ubiquitous Computing
Keywords: Pervasive Computing, Larry Smarr, supercomputing, MEMS
Chapter: Computation Nations and Swarm Supercomputers

Title: Idle Computer Time Can Fight Cancer
Author: Henry Norr
Publication: San Francisco Chronicle, B1
Publication Date: 4/4/2001
Abstract or Excerpt: Intel is putting its muscle behind a campaign to "turn your screen saver into a life saver." The Santa Clara chipmaker launched an initiative yesterday to convince computer users to dedicate unused processing power on their PCs to the fight against cancer. A program available from the company's Web site ( com/cure) will help medical researchers identify molecules that show promise as possible new treatments for leukemia.
Subjects: Collective Computation, Cooperation, Emerging Technologies (ET)
Keywords: Intel, Fight Cancer Intel
Chapter: Computation Nations and Swarm Supercomputers

Title: Packages that communicate could be the ultimate in direct advertising
Author: Adam Geller
Publication: Associated Press
Publication Date: 3/26/2001
Abstract or Excerpt: What if the next time you walked into a music store, a compact disc sang to you? Or you reached for some beauty cream at the department store and the package began to glow, enticing you with a tiny video invitation to rediscover lost youth? Wouldn't you at least stop and think about buying those products? International Paper Co. is betting you would.
Subjects: Emerging Technologies (ET), Location Sensitive Devices (LSD), Ubiquitous Computing
Keywords: smart tags, smart packaging, International Paper Co., consumer
Chapter: The Era of Sentient Things

Title: Aiming at your Wallet
Author: Shelley Emling
Publication: Marin Independent Journal
Publication Date: 4/28/2001
Abstract or Excerpt: M-commerce mobile shopping wants to convert passers-by into shoppers.
Subjects: Mobile Phones, Ubiquitous Computing, Wireless
Keywords: pervasive computing, mobile shopping, M-commerce, shopping, Streetbeam
Chapter: The Era of Sentient Things

Title: Haikuhaiku - The Gist: Poetry In Motion
Author: Ethan Watters
Publication: Wired Magazine
Publication Date: 2/1/2001
Abstract or Excerpt: You're standing alone on a cliff overlooking the Pacific. You pull up Haikuhaiku on your cell phone, enter your location, and you're reading verse written by others who have stood in the same spot. You may even be moved to submit your own.
Subjects: Handhelds, Mobile Phones, Wireless
Keywords: Haikuhaiku, poetry

Title: Cellulart: The Latest Artistic Medium Fits in the Palm of Your Hand
Author: Claire Barliant
Publication: Artbyte (March-April 2001)
Abstract or Excerpt: The latest artistic medium fits in the palm of your hand.
Subjects: Emerging Technologies (ET), Handhelds, Ubiquitous Computing, Wireless
Keywords: Art, wireless information appliances, convergence, new media, multimedia, pervasive computation

Title: The Cybernetic Cage: The Politics of the Information Society
Author: Marc A. Smith
Publication: Academic paper -- Critical Theory
Publication Date: 5/27/1991
Abstract or Excerpt: Given Foucault's insight that one very effective form of power is to fragment interpersonal connections and arrange them so that only the flow of official communication is possible, we might properly ask what the fate of technologies that promise wider connections will be. Computer based information systems create diverse and wide-spread connections while the exercise of power demands discipline. Control over the kinds and forms of connections possible seems like a likely point of struggle. Indeed, it already is. Like broadcasting before it, information systems and the networks that connect them, stand as a sort of technologically constituted frontier. Growing up from within the explored territorial bounds of society, these technologies have created vast unclaimed and unsettled regions for social activity. Over the past five years the battle over this space, cyberspace, the universe of connected computers, has slowly heated. It is no where near boil at this point, but conflict is to be found on many fronts. Access to computer resources and networks, ownership of information (particularly software), control over the content of computer mediated communication, and form of work to be done with computers are current sites of conflict. The stakes are quite high, cyberspace is a resource rich frontier, but as yet not fully settled or even explored.
Subjects: Sociology, Surveillance
Keywords: Foucault, knowledge, power, Panopticon

Title: Darwin Among the Machines: The Evolution of Global Intelligence
Author: George Dyson
Publication: Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley, 1997
Chapter: Smart Mobs and the Power of the Mobile Many

Title: Companies Invest Billions in Third-Generation Wireless: Phones Mimic Desktop PCs
Author: Peter J. Howe
Publication: San Francisco Chronicle, C7
Publication Date: 3/19/2001
Abstract or Excerpt: What broadband did to dial-up Internet access, 3G promises to do to wireless communications.
Subjects: Handhelds, Mobile Phones, Wireless
Keywords: 3G, third-generation,
Chapter: Wireless Quilts

Title: Wireless Web Slowly Luring WAP Users
Author: Henry Norr
Publication: San Francisco Chronicle
Publication Date: 3/19/2001
Abstract or Excerpt: Only 1 American in 70 is on the "wireless Web" today, but more than a third of us will be by 2005, at least if you believe a new report by Jupiter Media Metrix.
Subjects: Handhelds, Location Sensitive Devices (LSD), Wireless
Keywords: WAP, Telephia, NextBus, wireless web
Chapter: Wireless Quilts

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