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Title: Helsinki Arena 2000 - Augmenting a Real City to a Virtual One
Author: Risto Linturi, Marja-Riitta Koivunen, Jari Sulkanen
Publication: Helsinki Telephone Corporation, Finland
Abstract or Excerpt: Helsinki Arena 2000 is a large consortium project headed by Helsinki Telephone Corporation. It has been running since early 1996. The main goal of the project is to provide the citizens of Helsinki an enabling platform through an affordable high bandwidth multimedia network in the year 2000. The project consists of three simultaneous development processes. The first process develops and tests services and user interfaces to them integrating the results of many national and international multimedia research projects. The second process creates an easy user interface to the services through a real 3D model of the city of Helsinki. This gives us many possibilities in augmenting the real city and provides a totally new viewpoint to the large web information systems. Finally, the multimedia network which already works in some areas of the city is being extended to other areas. Unlike other networks that provide high bandwidth from the service provider into the homes, this multimedia network is the first commercial network which is capable of transmitting guaranteed good quality video between any two homes. This gives the citizens many new possibilities for communicating with each other as well as with the local communities and businesses. Furthermore, homes connected to multimedia network are able to transmit video up to thousands of other homes.
Subjects: Helsinki, Location Sensitive Devices (LSD), Mobile Phones, Ubiquitous Computing
Keywords: Pervasive Computing, Helsinki Arena 2000, Risto Linturi, multimedia network, augmentation, The Lasipalatsi project, E-Speak-technology, avatars

Title: Computers Here, There, Everywhere
Author: John Markoff
Publication: New York Times
Publication Date: 6/13/2001
Abstract or Excerpt: WHILE I.B.M., Microsoft and Sun Microsystems are seeking to transform the Internet, academic researchers are undertaking more fundamental design projects that are closer to the view of transparent software and Xerox's pervasive computing.
Subjects: Emerging Technologies (ET), Ubiquitous Computing
Keywords: M.I.T, pervasive computing, Smart Dust, Sun Microsystems, Xerox, Oxygen, Endeavor, DARPA, sensors, Larry Smarr, National Center for Supercomputing Applications

Title: Nomads: The Promise of Mobility and What it Will Take to Get There, HP Labs' Jeff Morgan Takes on Wireless, Bluetooth, Interoperability, and More
Author: Amy Cowen
Publication: M-Pulse Magazine, CoolTown, Hewlett-Packard Company
Abstract or Excerpt: In each issue of mpulse magazine, we'll be talking with a member of HP Labs to get fresh perspective on the evolving mobile and wireless terrain. This month, we caught up with Jeff Morgan, project lead and department scientist for the soon-to-be-released cooltown platform, coolbase. Jeff's candid views on emerging technologies cut to the heart of what's right and wrong with today's mobile market.
Subjects: Emerging Technologies (ET), Mobile Phones, Ubiquitous Computing, Wireless
Keywords: Bluetooth, Nomadics, CoolTown, Hewlett-Packard, Jeff Morgan, Pervasive Computing, E-ME, web presence, mobility, ad-hoc communications, People, Places and Things

Title: Smart Rooms
Publication: MIT
Abstract or Excerpt: Smart Rooms act like invisible butlers. They have cameras, microphones, and other sensors, and use these inputs to try to interpret what people are doing in order to help them. We have already built smart rooms that can recognize who is in the room and can interpret their hand gestures, and smart car interiors that know when drivers are trying to turn, stop, pass, etc., without being told.
Subjects: Emerging Technologies (ET), Location Sensitive Devices (LSD), Ubiquitous Computing
Keywords: Pervasive Computing, Smart Rooms, autonomous agents, magic mirror, Aritificial Life Interactive Video Environment (ALIVE), MIT Media Lab,

Title: Smart Rooms
Author: Alex P. Pentland
Publication: Scientific American 274, No. 4, 68-76 (April 1996)
Publication Date: 4/1/1996
Abstract or Excerpt: In creating computer systems that can identify people and interpret their actions, researchers have come one step closer to building helpful home and work environments.
Subjects: Emerging Technologies (ET), Location Sensitive Devices (LSD), Ubiquitous Computing
Keywords: Pervasive Computing, Smart Rooms, MIT Media Lab, Aaron Bobick, facial motions, facial recognirion, Perceptual Intelligence, expressions

Title: The Future is Finnish
Author: Kenneth Klee and Jennifer Bensko
Publication: Newsweek International
Publication Date: 5/24/1999
Abstract or Excerpt: Finland has a national knack for mobile communications and information technology and a vision for combining the two.
Subjects: Helsinki, Mobile Phones, Ubiquitous Computing
Keywords: Risto Linturi, Finland, Pervasive Computing, Nokia, networks, 3G

Title: Mobile and Ubiquitous Computing Reading List (Future Computing Environments Publication List)
Abstract or Excerpt: Good resource.
Subjects: Location Sensitive Devices (LSD), Mobile Phones, Privacy, Ubiquitous Computing, Wireless
Keywords: Pervasive Computing, Vannevar Bush, Wearable Computers, Wearable Applications, Input technologies, Positioning systems, Networking, Bluetooth

Title: The Lowly Plug's New Power
Author: Patrick Brethour
Publication: Globe and Mail
Publication Date: 6/27/2001
Abstract or Excerpt: Power lines as Extension of Internet. A high-tech breakthrough will transform electrical outlets into gateways to the Web.
Subjects: Emerging Technologies (ET), Ubiquitous Computing, Wireless
Keywords: home networks, Kinaan, Cisco, Intel, Motorola, HomePlug Power Alliance Consortium, Pervasive Computing

Title: Wearable Environmental Media (WEM) Project
Author: Scott Fisher
Publication: Fisher Laboratory
Abstract or Excerpt: The goal of this project is to explore potential applications of location-based information services over wireless networks. The primary intention is to enable a mobile user to browse a spatially correspondent multimedia information database about a specific location as it changes over time, post location-specific information, or access interpretive annotations posted by other domain experts.
Subjects: Japan, Location Sensitive Devices (LSD), Mobile Phones, Ubiquitous Computing
Keywords: Pervasive Computing, Tokyo, Wearable Environmental Media, Scott Fisher, environmental media, WEM, communication skin, Radio Frequency ID tags (RFID), Fisher Laboratory, flexible wireless communications, video see-through, Virtual Objects, context visualization

Title: Infrared Data Association (IrDA)
Abstract or Excerpt: IrDA is an International Organization that creates and promotes interoperable, low cost infrared data interconnection standards that support a walk-up, point-to-point user model. The standards support a broad range of appliances, computing and communications devices.
Subjects: Emerging Technologies (ET), Ubiquitous Computing
Keywords: RFID, infrared, Point and Pay, E-Wallet, New Retail Digital Payment Application, Infrared Financial Messaging

Title: iButton
Abstract or Excerpt: The iButton(r) is a 16mm computer chip armored in a stainless steel can. Let's start with the package. Because of this unique, durable package, up-to-date information can travel with a person or object. The steel button is rugged enough to withstand harsh outdoor environments; it is durable enough for a person to wear everyday on a digital accessory like a ring, key fob, wallet, watch, metal card or badge.
Subjects: Ubiquitous Computing, Wireless
Keywords: RFID, computer chip, iButton, wearable computing, memory buttons, mobile memory chip

Title: DeMillo Speaks: HP's Chief Technology Officer Talks About Strategy, Mobility, and the Vision of Cooltown
Publication Date: 6/1/2001
Abstract or Excerpt: HP's chief technology officer talks about strategy, mobility, and the vision of CoolTown. Rich DeMillo couldn't have picked a more interesting time to assume the post of chief technology officer at HP. DeMillo arrived in October from his executive post at Telcordia Technologies Inc. just as HP was articulating the Cooltown vision of mobility, context specific services, and ubiquitous computing based on the open standards of the web. Firmly in line with his own vision, DeMillo clearly relished the opportunity to drive the technology giant into the future.
Subjects: Mobile Phones, Ubiquitous Computing, Wireless
Keywords: CoolTown, network, HP, pervasive

Title: The Invisible World of Silent Commerce
Publication: Accenture
Abstract or Excerpt: Silent Commerce uses microprocessors, sensors and tags to make everyday objects intelligent and interactive. When combined with continuous Internet connectivity, Silent Commerce results in a new infrastructure for the collection of data and for the delivery of services through everyday objects. This type of commerce is "silent" because objects communicate and commerce takes place without human interaction.
Subjects: Emerging Technologies (ET), Ubiquitous Computing, Wireless
Keywords: Silent Commerce, Pervasive Computing, RFID tags, Objects with URLs, sensors, Object Internet Standard, embedded digital memory chip, e-Ink

Title: "The Ultimate Device," From "Anytime, Anywhere" To "Always and Everywhere"
Author: Accenture
Publication: Accenture
Abstract or Excerpt: Will the convergence of communications, computing and content lead to the appearance of an "Ultimate Device" - perhaps a highly-evolved personal digital assistant (PDA) or some type of digital Web phone/computer? Accenture believes that the future will bring something quite different: instead of a single Ultimate Device, we can expect to see many small families of linked devices that are designed to perform specific tasks in specific situations. Yes, powerful hand-held convergence devices will continue to come to market, but the truly significant developments in technology - the real ultimate device - will not be a single product but the advent of a new era of decentralized, pervasive computing.
Subjects: Emerging Technologies (ET), Ubiquitous Computing, Wireless
Keywords: Smart Shirts for Soldiers, embedded devices, Online Medicine Cabinet, wearable devices, sensors, e-broidery

Title: Ubiquitous Computing: Mark Weiser's Web Page
Author: Mark Weiser
Abstract or Excerpt: Ubiquitous computing names the third wave in computing, just now beginning. First were mainframes, each shared by lots of people. Now we are in the personal computing era, person and machine staring uneasily at each other across the desktop. Next comes ubiquitous computing, or the age of calm technology, when technology recedes into the background of our lives. Alan Kay of Apple calls this "Third Paradigm" computing. Mark Weiser is the father of ubiquitous computing; his web page contains links to many papers on the topic.
Subjects: Ubiquitous Computing
Keywords: Pervasive Computing, Xerox PARC

Title: Living Memory - LiMe
Abstract or Excerpt: Living Memory explores how emerging technologies provide the members of a community with the means to capture, share and explore their collective experience, thus creating a 'living memory'. Living Memory (LiMe) is an EC-i3 sponsored project developed by a consortium of partners led by Philips Design between 1997 and 2000.
Subjects: Mobile Phones, Ubiquitous Computing
Keywords: Philips Design, Living Memory (LiMe), Persistent, Pervasive Computing, Paul Rankin, Mobile LiMe, distributed system, digital network

Title: CoolTown: The Ecosystem Explained, A vision of mobility, connectivity, community, and transformation based on open standards and user needs
Author: M-Pulse staff writer
Publication: M-Pulse, a CoolTown magazine, HP
Abstract or Excerpt: The CoolTown vision of a responsive world of mobile services requires clear, creative thinking about technology. For several years, HP Labs has been working at the intersection of nomadicity, appliances, networking, and the web. Our model for this research is one of open collaboration and partnership with others who share similar goals.
Subjects: Emerging Technologies (ET), Mobile Phones, Ubiquitous Computing, Wireless
Keywords: Pervasive Computing, CoolTown, nomadicity, appliances, networking, context-aware, smart device, e-squirt, HP

Title: Telstra muscling in on the money system: Telstra's Dial-a-Coke ploy could be the first step towards something far bigger
Author: Tom Burton
Publication: The Sydney Morning Herald
Publication Date: 4/11/2001
Abstract or Excerpt: Telstra's Dial-a-Coke ploy could be the first step towards something far bigger.
Subjects: Emerging Technologies (ET), Mobile Phones, Ubiquitous Computing, Wireless
Keywords: Australia, Telstra, credit card, mobile-commerce market, Coca-Cola, vending machines, Virtual Reality, micro-payments, Sim card, smartcards

Title: What's My Number
Author: Charlie Schmidt
Publication: Technology Review
Publication Date: 3/1/2001
Abstract or Excerpt: Researchers at MIT's Auto-ID Center have developed a numbering scheme called the "Electronic Product Code" that will identify consumer products individually-not just by type, as today's Universal Product Code does.
Subjects: Emerging Technologies (ET), Ubiquitous Computing, Wireless
Keywords: product code, Object Naming Service, Electronic Product Code, numbering scheme, MIT's Auto-ID Center, MIT

Title: Latest Privacy Nightmare: Money That Tracks You
Author: Wes Vernon
Publication Date: 7/28/2001
Abstract or Excerpt: A House Subcommittee on Financial Services divided its session Tuesday between praising an idea by young students to print parts of the Constitution on U.S. currency and an anti-privacy proposal to rig that same currency with a device that would allow others to keep track of who has had it and for how long. What's more, the irony seemed to go over the heads of everyone who participated.
Subjects: Emerging Technologies (ET), Privacy, Surveillance, Ubiquitous Computing
Keywords: Pervasive Computing, Mew chip, currency

Title: Imagining the Future: Real-World Showroom
Publication: Accenture Technology Labs
Abstract or Excerpt: Developed at Accenture Technology Labs in Northbrook, Illinois, Real-World Showroom is a prototype application that enables people to find out essential information about products as they encounter them in their daily lives.
Subjects: Emerging Technologies (ET), Handhelds, Mobile Phones, Ubiquitous Computing, Wireless
Keywords: RFID, Pervasive Computing, Real-World Showroom, Silent Commerce initiative

Title: Hitachi Wearable Internet Appliance
Author: Hitachi, Ltd.
Publication Date: 7/18/2001
Abstract or Excerpt: Hitachi, Ltd. and Xybernaut Corporation today announced that Hitachi has entered into a license agreement under Xybernaut's broad patents for wearable computing and communications to develop a Wearable Internet Appliance (WIA) for the consumer market.
Subjects: Emerging Technologies (ET), Ubiquitous Computing, Wireless
Keywords: Color Wearable Display, XYBR, Wearable Internet Appliance (WIA), Xybernaut, Pervasive Computing, Hitachi

Title: Mark Smith: In Context, An inventor at HP Labs creates devices that know who, what and where
Author: Jamie Beckett
Publication: Hewlett-Packard Company
Publication Date: 2/9/2001
Abstract or Excerpt: Wouldn't it be nice if the appliances and tools you use at work and at home treated you the same way? What if entertainment devices knew what content you want and could work with services to build whole private programming schedules for you? What if the information appliances at work knew you and what you needed -- no more PINs or passwords? Your entire environment could respond to you as if you were a "regular." Smart devices like these are just part of the future being invented at HP Labs, HP's central research arm based in Palo Alto, California. It's there that researcher Mark Smith is helping to create context-aware devices that function differently according to who's using them, in what environment and for what purpose.
Subjects: Emerging Technologies (ET), Location Sensitive Devices (LSD), Privacy, Ubiquitous Computing, Wireless
Keywords: GPS, Hewlett-Packard Company, HP, SecurePAD, context-aware devices, smart badge, Pervasive Computing, RFID, Mark Smith, 802.11b, Bluetooth

Title: A communication 'skin' around the earth
Publication: Bell Laboratories
Abstract or Excerpt: Communications, we have often heard, will see a number of radical changes, transforming the very way we live. The earth, for instance, will soon develop a 'skin' of networks, which will lead to ubiquitous connectivity. Dr Arun Netravali, President of Bell Laboratories, the Research and Development wing of Lucent Technologies, developed further on this theme, predicting among other things, the volume of 'infrachatter' among communicating machines surpassing communication among human beings. Netravali, who was in India to address a meet organised by NASSCOM, said he saw seven radical changes hitting the field of communications in the near future. The first of these seven predictions for the new millennium was that within a decade or so, a mega-network of networks will enfold the earth in a communication 'skin' with ubiquitous connectivity and enormous bandwidth.
Subjects: Mobile Phones, Ubiquitous Computing, Wireless
Keywords: Arun Netravali, mega-network, Bell Laboratories, communication skin, Hi-IQNet, ubiquitous connectivity, Pervasive Computing, Lucent Technologies, mega-network, infrachatter

Title: Vicinity Chat
Author: Joan Morris, Chris Lucas, Alexander De Reitzes, Judith Donath
Publication: Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Media Lab
Publication Date: 5/9/2000
Abstract or Excerpt: This project examines what happens at the boundary between the physical world and the virtual world when a traditional messaging interface from the virtual world is adapted to connect people in proximate location in the physical world.
Subjects: Handhelds, Location Sensitive Devices (LSD), Mobile Phones, Privacy, Surveillance, Ubiquitous Computing
Keywords: Pervasive Computing, chat, IM, messaging, interface design, location awareness, Vicinity Chat, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, MIT, Media Lab

Title: Impulse: Location-based Agent Assistance
Author: Jim Youll, Joan Morris, Raffi Krikorian, and Pattie Maes
Publication: Software Demos, Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Autonomous Agents (Agents 2000), Barcelona, Spain, June 3 - June 7, 2000
Abstract or Excerpt: In the physical world, a user experiences products and places, explores physical surroundings, and participates in location-specific activities. Software agents, trapped in their electronic world, offer users valuable assistance online, for example by personalizing searches and queries. The Impulse research project at the MIT Media Lab examines what happens when the rich experience of the physical world is augmented with the low search costs and information researches available through the Internet. This demo presents an implementation of one aspect of the Impulse vision. Called Streetwise, it is a scenario demonstrating a mobile device using location-aware queries to digitally augment and explore the physical world.
Subjects: Location Sensitive Devices (LSD), Mobile Phones, Ubiquitous Computing
Keywords: Pervasive Computing, MIT Media Lab, Impulse

Title: Aware Community Portals: Shared Information Appliances for Transitional Spaces
Author: Nitin Sawhney, Sean Wheeler and Chris Schmandt
Publication: Journal of Personal and Ubiquitous Computing, Volume 5, Issue 1, pp 66-70
Abstract or Excerpt: People wish to maintain a level of awareness of timely information, including presence of others in the workplace and other social settings. We believe this provides better exchange, coordination and contact within a community, especially as people work in asynchronous times and distributed locations. The challenge is to develop lightweight techniques for awareness, interaction and communication using 'shared information appliances'. In this paper, we describe the design of an exploratory responsive display projected within a shared workspace at the MIT Media Lab. The system uses visual sensing to provide relevant information and constructs traces of people's activity over time. Such 'aware portals' may be deployed in casual workplace domains, distributed workgroups, and everyday public spaces.
Subjects: Cooperation, Emerging Technologies (ET), Privacy, Ubiquitous Computing
Keywords: Pervasive Computing, community, transitions, transitional spaces, MIT Media Lab, peripheral interfaces, distributed workgroups, awareness, situated interaction, responsive media, groupware

Title: Sony: A Little Sensor with a Big Future
Author: Steven V. Brull
Publication Date: 7/23/1997
Abstract or Excerpt: Sony's Navicam assistant may spawn a new breed of smart portable devices.
Subjects: Emerging Technologies (ET), Handhelds, Japan, Location Sensitive Devices (LSD), Mobile Phones, Ubiquitous Computing, Wireless
Keywords: Pervasive Computing, Context-Aware, Augmented Reality, Jun Rekimoto, Sony, Sensor, smart portable devices, Navicam, context-sensitive, GPS, global-positioning satellites, bar codes, web camera, Rekimoto

Title: Aeritas, Inc. Launches the Travel Industry's First Nonstop Mobile Check-In And Boarding Service
Publication: Aeritas, Inc.
Publication Date: 3/15/2001
Abstract or Excerpt: Aeritas Express(TM) For Travel eliminates check-in lines by issuing a barcode-based boarding pass directly to passenger's mobile phone or PDA.
Subjects: Handhelds, Mobile Phones, Ubiquitous Computing, Wireless
Keywords: Aeritas, Sweden, airline, travel, mobile commerce, Barcode-based Boarding, barcode

Title: In the Bubble
Author: John Thackara
Publication: Doors of Perception
Publication Date: 7/1/2001
Abstract or Excerpt: The European Commission has made 'ambient intelligence' a focus of its research programmes for 2001 to 2005. In official documents, the commission sometimes replaces the words ambient intelligence with the acronym AmI - to which I, as a philosophical joke, have started adding a question mark - as in, Am I? We shall soon find out: several hundred million euros have been earmarked for the design of systems composed of autonomous entities whose participation in computation is dynamic and where activity is not centrally coordinated. Another action line is about integrated perception systems inspired by living systems - where 'perception' is meant to include sensorial, cognitive and control aspects.
Subjects: Emerging Technologies (ET), Ubiquitous Computing, Wireless
Keywords: biomomicry, ambient intelligence, Smart matter, Xerox Palo Alto Research Center (PARC), Netherlands Design Institute, dematerialisation, responsive technologies, European Commission, systems integration, Pervasive Computing, mechatronics, NEST (NetWare Embedded Systems)

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