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Title: Watching Your Every Move
Author: Jane Wakefield
Publication: BBC News Online
Publication Date: 2/7/2002
Abstract or Excerpt: The vision of cameras watching your every move is close to becoming a reality, with analysts predicting a tenfold increase in CCTV in the UK in the next five years.

Title: Call it Super Bowl Face Scan 1
Author: Declan McCullagh
Publication: Wired News
Publication Date: 2/2/2001
Abstract or Excerpt: When tens of thousands of football fans packed into a Florida stadium for Super Bowl XXXV, they weren't merely watching the game: They were also being watched. Face-recognition software surreptitiously scanned everyone passing through turnstiles and flashed probable matches with the mugs of known criminals on the screens of a police control room.

Title: Face Recognition, Via Cell-Phones
Author: Ryan Naraine
Publication: Symobile
Publication Date: 3/27/2002
Abstract or Excerpt: Chicago-based telecoms equipment maker Motorola, Inc. has announced plans to put face recognition technology into Java-enabled mobile phones.

Title: Smart Clothing: The Wearable Computer and WearCam
Author: Steve Mann
Publication: Personal Technologies 1(1)
Publication Date: 3/1997
Abstract or Excerpt: Due to recent advances in miniaturization, the author's "wearable computer" invention of the late 1970s and early 1980s, comprising a backpack-based, tetherless computer system together with wireless communications, has been transformed from an awkward and cumbersome burden into a completely unobtrusive internet-connected multimedia computer built within an ordinary pair of eyeglasses and ordinary clothing. This transformation allows it to be worn constantly, with the goal of becoming a seamless extension of the body and mind. In addition to replacing one's cellular telephone, personal music system, dictating machine, pager, camcorder, laptop computer, PDA, and the like, with a single well-integrated unit, the apparatus can perform new and previously unexpected useful functions.

Title: The Importance of Being Mobile: Some Social Consequences of Wearable Augmented Reality Systems
Author: Steven K. Feiner
Publication: Proceedings of IWAR 99 (International Workshop on Augmented Reality), San Francisco, CA, 20-21 October, 1999, 145-148
Abstract or Excerpt: What are the consequences of mobility for augmented re-ality? This brief paper explores some of the issues that Ibelieve will be raised by the development and future com-monplace adoption of mobile, wearable, augmented realitysystems. These include: social influences on tracking ac-curacy, the importance of appearance and comfort, an in-crease in collaborative applications, integration with otherdevices, and implications for personal privacy.

Title: Can 3G Phones Capture Criminals?
Author: Graeme Wearden
Publication: ZDNet News
Publication Date: 3/22/2002
Abstract or Excerpt: Police officers in Japan believe third-generation (3G) mobile phones can be used to capture video footage of criminals in action and are encouraging people with the phones to assist them in their fight against crime.

Title: The Surveillance Society: The Threat of 1984-Style Techniques
Author: Gary T. Marx
Publication: The Futurist, June 1985, 21-26

Title: At What Cost Pervasive? A Social Computing View of Mobile Computing Systems
Author: D. C. Dryer, C. Eisbach, and W. S. Ark
Publication: IBM Systems Journal 38(4), 1999

Title: The Playful World: How Technology is Transforming our Imagination
Author: Mark Pesce
Publication: Ballantine, 2000
Abstract or Excerpt: All around us, the world is coming alive, infused with information and capability; this is the only reality for our children, and it speaks louder than any lesson taught in any school, because the lesson is repeated - reinforced - with every button's touch. But it is up to us to rise to the challenge of a playful world, to finish the work of culture and change the nature of reality. It might seem, even after all of this, to be nothing more than a dream; but this is a book about dreams made real.

Title: The Culture Industry: Enlightenment as Mass Deception, in The Dialectic of Enlightenment, trans. John Cumming
Author: T. W. Adorno and M. Horkheimer
Publication: Herder and Herder, 1972
Abstract or Excerpt: Adorno and Horkheimer saw the culture industry as one which no longer tolerated autonomous thought or deviation to any degree because of the economic necessity for rapid return of capital investment. These distinguished German intellectuals lived through a period of great anxiety in the world, exacerbated by their fear that autonomous thought and creativity were lost. Their critique of mass culture is quite complex and was based on the belief that culture had become a form of domination. It is characterized by a pervasive manipulation of the consumer whose intellectual capacity is continually underestimated. There is simply a profusion of sameness and repetition by using sets of interchangeable details, sweeping away all particularity and flattening out anything distinct.

Title: NTT DoCoMo Pays $217m to Put Spam Back in the Can
Author: John Leyden
Publication: The Register
Publication Date: 4/7/2001
Abstract or Excerpt: Japanese telecom giant NTT DoCoMo will have to spend a staggering �27 billion ($217 million) to placate users of its popular i-Mode mobile phones who are being deluged by junk mail.

Title: Briton Wires Nervous System to a Computer
Author: Jeremy Lovell
Publication: Reuters
Publication Date: 3/22/2002
Abstract or Excerpt: A controversial British robotics scientist has had his nervous system wired up to a computer in an experiment he hopes will eventually give paralyzed people more control over their own bodies.

Title: As We May Think
Author: Vannevar Bush
Publication: The Atlantic Monthly
Publication Date: 7/1945
Abstract or Excerpt: In the outside world, all forms of intelligence whether of sound or sight, have been reduced to the form of varying currents in an electric circuit in order that they may be transmitted. Inside the human frame exactly the same sort of process occurs. Must we always transform to mechanical movements in order to proceed from one electrical phenomenon to another? It is a suggestive thought, but it hardly warrants prediction without losing touch with reality and immediateness.

Title: Bleak Future Looms if You Don't Take a Stand
Author: Dan Gillmor
Publication: Mercury News
Publication Date: 3/23/2002
Abstract or Excerpt: This is a quiz about your future. It's about how you view some basic elements of the emerging Digital Age.

Title: From Consumers to Users: Shifting the Deeper Structures of Regulation Toward Sustainable Commons and User Access
Author: Yochai Benkler
Publication: Federal Communications Law Journal 52(3), 561
Abstract or Excerpt: Identifying and sustaining commons and securing access to communicative resources are more important focuses for information policy concerned with democracy than assuring that there are eight rather than three broadcast networks or that no two networks are under common ownership.

Title: Letter to W. T. Barry
Author: James Madison
Publication Date: 8/04/1822

Title: "The Revenge of Place," in Proceedings, 3rd International Space Syntax Symposium, Atlanta 2001
Author: William J. Mitchell

Title: Nonzero: The Logic of Human Destiny
Author: Robert Wright
Publication: New York: Vintage, 2000

Title: Outwardly Mobile: Young People and Mobile Technologies
Author: Nicola Green
Publication: Perpetual Contact: Mobile Communication, Private Talk and Public Performance, ed. by Mark Aakhus and James Katz (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002)
Abstract or Excerpt: Considerable attention has recently been paid to the relationship between young people and mobile technologies in technology studies research. From ethnomethodological studies of young people's local mobile usage in the context of everyday life, to studies of the interactional coordination of young people's relationships with their families and each other, emerging research is tracing how mobile communciations impact on the lives of young people; and indeed, how young people have contributed to the distribution and institutionalisation of mobile technology itself.

Title: The Silicon Valley Cultures Project
Author: Jan English-Leuck et. al.
Publication Date: 3/23/2002
Abstract or Excerpt: quoted in Winner

Title: Little Boxes, Glocalization, and Networked Individualism
Author: Barry Wellman
Publication: forthcoming in Digital Cities II: Computational and Sociological Approaches, eds. Makoto Tanabe, Peter van den Besselaar, and Toru Ishida. Part of Springer Lecture Notes in Computer Science: The State of the Art Series. Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 2002.
Abstract or Excerpt: Much thinking about digital cities is in terms of community groups. Yet, the world is composed of social networks and not of groups. This paper traces how communities have changed from densely-knit Little Boxes (densely-knit, linking people door-to-door) to Glocalized networks (sparsely-knit but with clusters, linking households both locally and globally) to Networked Individualism (sparsely-knit, linking individuals with little regard to space). The transformation affects design considerations for computer system that would support digital cities.

Title: The Ambiguous Image of the Mobile Phone
Author: Leopoldina Fortunati
Publication: Communications on the Move: The Experience of Mobile Telephony in the 1990s, ed. L. Haddon, COST248 Report, Telia, Farsta.
Abstract or Excerpt: Fortunati provides an account of recent Italian research on the mobile phone which used both interviews and techniques from psychology to explore the image of this technology. In her introduction she explores the popularity and repercus-sions of the mobile phone in Italy, where a fifth of the population now possess such a phone. In fact, the mobile phone has spread throughout all social groups and has even been normalised through adoption by the very youth who origi-nally rejected it as a status symbol of the wealthy.

Title: Emergence: The Connected Lives of Ants, Brains, Cities, and Software
Author: Steven Johnson
Publication: New York: Scribner, 2001

Title: The City Transformed
Author: Jeff Goldman
Publication Date: 11/22/2001
Abstract or Excerpt: Wireless technology is making slow but significant changes in the way we use the urban spaces around us.

Title: Tools for Thought
Author: Howard Rheingold
Publication: New York: Simon & Schuster, 1985

Title: Man-Computer Symbiosis
Author: J.C.R. Licklider
Publication: IRE Transactions on Human Factors in Electronics HFE-1, March 1960, 4-11. Reprinted in In Memoriam: J. C. R. Licklider 1915-1990 (Palo Alto, CA.: Digital Systems Research Center, 1990), 1-19.

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