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Title: A Privacy Challenge
Author: Robert Gellman
Publication: iMP Magazine
Publication Date: 5/22/2001
Abstract or Excerpt: "In the end, we shouldn't fall into the trap of thinking that we either have privacy or we do not. Privacy is a bundle of interests."
Subjects: Privacy

Title: Why Things Bite Back: Technology and the Revenge of Unintended Consequences
Author: Edward Tenner
Publication: Vintage Books
Publication Date: 9/1/1997
Abstract or Excerpt: Surveillance quote from Why Things Bite Back: Where some find inventiveness percolating up and correspondingly rewarded, others find discipline and punishment raining down and privacy trampled underfoot. If networks appear to open channels previously barred--and it's not clear how having to put ink on paper ever prevented sending a message to top management--they also make it possible to read files surreptitiously, monitor activities, and even trace message traffic to discover clusters of malcontents.
Subjects: Privacy, Surveillance

Title: Privacy and the Intersection of Geographical Information and Intelligent Transportation Systems
Author: Sheri Alpert and Kingsley E. Haynes
Publication: The Institute of Public Policy, George Mason University
Abstract or Excerpt: As computer technology becomes more sophisticated, increasingly innovative applications are devised for its use. The unique nature of some of these applications is apparent with the advent of Geographic Information Systems (GIS). These systems, which store and manipulate geographic information, are designed to collect, store, and analyze objects and phenomena where geographic location is an important attribute to an analysis. One of the chief advantages of GIS is their ability to store and process enormous amounts of information that would be impractical to analyze manually. These systems have become an important tool for government entities at all levels, but particularly for local governments for land use tracking and planning and for real time management of transportation systems. These systems are also an invaluable tool to the direct marketing industry, for targeting potential consumers of products and services.
Subjects: Location Sensitive Devices (LSD), Privacy, Surveillance, Wireless
Keywords: GIS, Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC), Transportation, tracking, Intelligent Transportation Systems1 (ITS)

Title: Information in Places
Author: J.C. Spohrer
Publication: IBM Systems Journal, Vol 38, No. 4, Pervasive Computing Special Issue, 1999
Abstract or Excerpt: As global positioning, wireless communication, and mobile display technologies continue to advance, our notion of place will change. Information objects--first geocoded signs and later animated special effects--will begin to populate real physical space on what we call WorldBoard channels. WorldBoard is a proposed global infrastructure to associate information with places and ultimately to provide people with enhanced information perception services. This paper explores the notion of a WorldBoard from four perspectives: historical background, technical feasibility, potential applications, and social implications. Recent developments, ranging from lower-cost Global Positioning System (GPS)-enabled car navigation systems to Casio Electronics' first-of-a-kind GPS-enabled wristwatch, foreshadow increased availability of location-aware information services and products. While significant technical, application development, and social challenges remain before a complete WorldBoard infrastructure can be made broadly, uniformly, and cost-effectively available, some feasible first steps toward this important goal are recommended. Finally, a notion like WorldBoard offers an opportunity to reflect on how technological possibilities unfold.
Subjects: Emerging Technologies (ET), Location Sensitive Devices (LSD), Mobile Phones, Ubiquitous Computing, Wireless
Keywords: Pervasive Computing, IBM, augmented reality, location-aware devices, communication, Almaden Research Center, WorldBoard, GPS, Microsoft's TerraServer, UTM (Universal Traverse Mercator), Virtual L.A. model, human perception

Title: High-Tech Security on Tampa Streets
Author: The Associated Press
Publication Date: 7/1/2001
Abstract or Excerpt: Tampa is using high-tech security cameras to scan the city's streets for people wanted for crimes, a law enforcement tactic that some liken to Big Brother.
Subjects: Privacy, Surveillance
Keywords: Pattern Recognition, Tampa Video, Police, Ybor City, face-printing, Big Brother, American Civil Liberties Union, FaceIt

Title: Communicating Beasts
Author: Katrina Glerum
Publication Date: 6/6/2001
Keywords: convergence, communication

Title: Can Selfishness Save the Environment?
Author: Matt Ridley and Bobbi S. Low
Publication: Atlantic Monthly, Volume 272, No. 3; pages 76-86 (September 1993)
Abstract or Excerpt: Conventional wisdom has it that the way to avert global ecological disaster is to persuade people to change their selfish habits for the common good. A more sensible approach would be to tap a boundless and renewable resource: the human propensity for thinking mainly of short term self-interest.
Subjects: Cooperation
Keywords: Mancur Olson, collective action, tit-for-tat, Elinor Ostrom

Title: Natural-Born Cyborgs?
Author: Andy Clark
Publication: Cognitive Technology: Instruments of Mind, Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Cognitive Technology, eds. M. Benyon, C. Nehaniv and K. Dautenhahn (Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 2001), 17-24.
Abstract or Excerpt: We cannot see ourselves aright until we see ourselves as nature's very own cyborgs: cognitive hybrids who repeatedly occupy regions of design space radically different from those of our biological forbears. The hard task, of course, is now to transform all this from (mere) impressionistic sketch into a balanced scientific account of the extended mind.
Subjects: Ubiquitous Computing
Keywords: Cyborg, cognition, natural-born cyborgs, Pervasive Computing

Title: The Future of Wireless: Different than You Think, Bolder than You Imagine
Author: Institute for Strategic Change, Accenture
Publication: Accenture
Abstract or Excerpt: Based on interviews with over 3,500 global consumers- from the United States, the United Kingdom, Japan, Finland, and Germany- and dozens of wireless-focused companies, this is Accenture's first in-depth report and point of view on the subject of uCommerce.
Subjects: Mobile Phones, Ubiquitous Computing
Keywords: M-Commerce

Title: Tyranny of the Moment: Fast and Slow Time in the Information Age
Author: Thomas H. Eriksen
Publication: Pluto Press
Publication Date: 9/1/2001
Abstract or Excerpt: The turn of the millennium is characterized by exponential growth in everything related to communication - from the Internet and email to air travel. "The Tyranny of the Moment" deals with some of the most perplexing paradoxes of this new information age. Who would have expected that apparently timesaving technology results in time being scarcer than ever? And has this seemingly limitless access to information led to confusion rather than enlightenment?
Keywords: exponential growth, information age, culture, slow time

Title: On the Internet (Thinking in Action)
Author: Hubert L. Dreyfus
Publication: Routledge
Publication Date: 4/1/2001
Abstract or Excerpt: Drawing on a diverse array of thinkers from Plato to Kierkegaard, On the Internet is one of the first books to bring philosophical insight to the debate on how far the Internet can and cannot take us. Drawing on philosophers such as Soren Kierkegaard, Friedrich Nietzsche, and Maurice Merleau-Ponty, Hubert Dreyfus discussed and seriously criticised the Net. "The attraction and dangers of Internet Platonism"
Keywords: Internet Platonism, Dreyfus, Kierkegaard,

Title: Kevin Clark Interview
Author: John L. Petersen
Publication: The Arlington Institute, FuturEdition Volume 4, Number 12
Publication Date: 6/21/2001
Abstract or Excerpt: IBM is a big player in the computer industry. We wondered what they were thinking about the future of computing devices. On 29 May, 2001, FuturEdition editor, John Petersen, interviewed Kevin Clark, program director, Strategy and Brand Management for IBM Personal Device Brands.
Subjects: Mobile Phones, Ubiquitous Computing, Wireless
Keywords: Pervasive Computing, Kevin Clark, IBM, Bluetooth, brand management, digital ecology

Title: Innovation at the edge
Publication: The Economist
Publication Date: 3/22/2001
Abstract or Excerpt: Technology has done a U-turn, dispersing control of large networks from the hub to the edge.
Subjects: Emerging Technologies (ET), Wireless
Keywords: Internet telephony, Innovation, centrifugal force, deregulation, privatisation, "SIP" phone

Title: FTC member says privacy concerns becoming 'hysteria'
Author: Julia King
Publication: Computerworld, Inc.
Publication Date: 6/5/2001
Abstract or Excerpt: Business-to-business exchanges can expect little regulatory interference from the Federal Trade Commission -- at least for now, FTC Commissioner Thomas Leary told an audience of technology company executives today.
Subjects: Privacy, Surveillance
Keywords: FTC, Business-to-business, B2B, global e-commerce

Title: The Social Consequences of Mobile Telephony: Framing Questions
Author: Leslie Haddon
Publication: The Social Consequences of Mobile Telephony: The Proceedings from a Seminar About Society, Mobile Telephony and Children, Telenor R&D N 38/2000, eds. Rich Ling and Kristin Trane, 26 June 2000, 2-6
Publication Date: 6/26/2000
Abstract or Excerpt: This paper focus on the voice mobile telephony that has become widespread since the 1990s, rather than on the new generation of mobile data services that are now appearing. Rather than explicitly considering social consequences in terms of policy implications (e.g. social exclusion) it deals with the minutiae of how everyday life is changing and how this relates to mobile telephony.
Subjects: Mobile Phones
Keywords: mobile telephony, public spaces

Title: Proliferation of Surveillance Devices Threatens Privacy
Publication: The American Civil Liberties Union
Publication Date: 7/6/2001
Abstract or Excerpt: The American Civil Liberties Union of Florida today released a letter to city officials here demanding information on what is being done with the captured video images of thousands of unsuspecting visitors and residents under a new video surveillance program.
Subjects: Emerging Technologies (ET), Privacy, Surveillance
Keywords: ACLU, facial-recognition, cameras, Dick Armey, privacy dangers, Tampa, FaceIt, Visionics Corp., Ybor City

Title: GPS: Gotta Pay for Speeding, Coming to small claims court: Roadrunner vs. Acme Rent-a-Car
Author: Colleen Van Tassell
Publication: New Mass Media
Publication Date: 6/14/2001
Abstract or Excerpt: A rental outfitted with a high-tech device that tracks your every move. One that records your speed. One that enables rental car agents to rip off unsuspecting drivers.
Subjects: Location Sensitive Devices (LSD), Privacy, Surveillance, Wireless
Keywords: GPS surveillance in rental car, Acme Rent-a-Car, Global Positioning System

Title: Amusing Ourselves to Death: Public Discourse in the Age of Show Business
Author: Neil Postman
Publication: New York: Viking, 1985

Title: A Sneak Peak at Roger Fidler's 'Mediamorphosis'
Author: Steve Outing
Publication: Editor & Publisher Interactive
Publication Date: 12/11/1996
Abstract or Excerpt: The metamorphosis principle, as well as several other key principles of mediamorphosis, derive from three concepts -- coevolution, convergence, and complexity. Media futurist and newspaper flat-panel proponent Roger Fidler is one of the most visible names in the newspaper new media industry. For three years, he headed Knight-Ridder's Information Design Lab in Boulder, Colorado, where his team worked on a prototype of the digital tablet "newspaper of the future" before KRI pulled the plug in mid-1995. Currently, the new media pioneer is a professional in residence and coordinator of the newly created Information Design Laboratory at Kent State University's school of journalism, and he continues to work on flat-panel display technology media applications with the Liquid Crystal Institute at Kent State.
Subjects: Emerging Technologies (ET)
Keywords: Mediamorphosis, Roger Fidler, convergence, coevolution, complexity

Title: What Does the Future Look Like?
Publication: Fast Talk London, Fast Company, November 2000
Abstract or Excerpt: Thinking about where technology may lead, from companies staffed by nothing but machines to PDAs that order groceries.
Subjects: Emerging Technologies (ET), London, Mobile Phones, Wireless, None

Title: The Media Equation: How People Treat Computers, Television, and New Media Like Real People and Places
Author: Byron Reeves and Clifford Nass
Publication: Cambridge University Press, 1996
Abstract or Excerpt: The authors challenge received wisdom in the social sciences, showing that people relate to computers, television, and new communication technologies as they do to other people, and explain how this knowledge can lead to better designed technology.

Title: Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Prison
Author: Michel Foucault
Publication: London: Tavistock, 1977

Title: Sarnoff to uncloak mini spy-camera technology
Publication Date: 4/17/2001
Abstract or Excerpt: Sarnoff, the research lab responsible for video inventions dating back to color television, on Tuesday will unveil a miniature digital camera for use in mobile phones, security and auto applications. The Princeton, N.J.-based research laboratory said its low-power, 1.2-inch by 1-inch BLINC digital camera will allow mobile phone users to send and receive film-quality photo and video images along with their calls.
Subjects: Privacy, Surveillance, Wireless
Keywords: Sarnoff, mini spy-camera technology, camera, SRI International, BLINC, CMOS, Active Pixel Sensor technology

Title: Digital Angel Corporation
Abstract or Excerpt: Digital Angel(tm) products and services enable the collection, organization, analysis, warehousing and dissemination of information for a wide variety of customers, including commercial operations, governments, and individual consumers worldwide.
Subjects: Emerging Technologies (ET), Location Sensitive Devices (LSD), Ubiquitous Computing, Wireless
Keywords: Digital Angel, Intelligent Integrated Information, data delivery, tracking, sensors, 911 Alert Button, Shibuya Epiphany

Title: Wireless services hit snags
Author: Carmen Nobel and Dennis Callaghan
Publication: eWeek, ZDNet
Publication Date: 12/18/2000
Abstract or Excerpt: Location-based advertisers for wireless devices must rethink strategies to spur customer adoption. Big Brother is proving to be a tough sell. While location-based advertising services for wireless devices have a great deal of potential, the pesky little fact that customers value their privacy could slow adoption of the technology.
Subjects: Location Sensitive Devices (LSD), Privacy, Wireless
Keywords: Cellmania, mEnterprise, location tracking, FCC, advertising, Junkbusters Corp.

Title: All That is Solid Melts into Air: The Experience of Modernity
Author: Marshall Berman
Publication: New York: Penguin Books, 1982

Title: The Future of Ideas: The Fate of the Commons in a Connected World
Author: Lawrence Lessig
Publication: New York: Random House, 2001

Title: The Future of Internet Privacy
Author: Eric J. Sinrod
Publication: UpsideToday
Publication Date: 12/27/2000
Abstract or Excerpt: According to a study conducted by the UCLA Center for Communication Policy, 64 percent of Internet users "strongly agreed" or "agreed" that logging onto the Internet put their privacy at risk. Of all the Internet issues explored by the study, its coordinator said, "Privacy raises the greatest concern."
Subjects: Privacy
Keywords: online shopping, Privacy advocates, Customer Profile Exchange (CPEX)

Title: The Electronic Eye: The Rise of Surveillance Society
Author: David Lyon
Publication: Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1994

Title: Tech Titans To Build 'Supercomputer on a Chip'
Author: Tim McDonald
Publication: NewsFactor Network
Publication Date: 3/12/2001
Abstract or Excerpt: IBM, Sony and Toshiba have announced a collaboration to build the next generation of computer chip, which they are terming a 'supercomputer on a chip.'
Subjects: Cooperation, Emerging Technologies (ET), Ubiquitous Computing
Keywords: chip, Sony, IBM

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