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Title: Mobility on the map
Author: Danny Bradbury
Publication: CW360.com
Publication Date: 9/25/2001
Abstract or Excerpt: Location-based services could offer a chance for the wireless data industry to turn itself around, but in no way is it a sure bet.
Subjects: Handhelds, Location Sensitive Devices (LSD), Mobile Phones, Wireless
Keywords: Cambridge Positioning Services (CPS), Enhanced Observed Time Difference (E-OTD), 3G, Airflash, Signalsoft, FCC


Title: Stormy Weather: Lessons from Japan, an I-Mode story
Author: Robert Loch
Publication: Dotcom Scoop
Publication Date: 9/10/2001
Abstract or Excerpt: Presently the US and Europe are stumbling like drunken toddlers into the 'wireless Internet' age, both trying frantically to get technologies to deliver, business models to work, and consumers to participate. Determined to bounce us all into a wireless data world, shameless attempts at baseless persuasion have been rife. Aspiration after aspiration has been thrown forth, but few that shared any characteristics with reality. With all their efforts, marketing spend and hype, wireless data penetration in the West still remains close to non-existent.
Subjects: Japan, Mobile Phones, Wireless
Keywords: DoCoMo, I-Mode, micro-payments, GPRS, FOMA, 3G


Title: The Internet, Untethered
Author: Tom Standage
Publication: The Economist
Publication Date: 10/11/2001
Abstract or Excerpt: In Japan, the Internet has gone mobile.
Subjects: Handhelds, Japan, Mobile Phones, SMS, Wireless
Keywords: third-generation (3G), last mile,


Title: New Telecommunications Technologies And Emergent Norms
Author: Gary T. Marx
Publication: G. Platt and C. Gordon, Self, Collective Behavior and Society: Essays in Honor of Ralph Turner, JAI, 1994
Abstract or Excerpt: This paper is concerned with the need for and appearance of new social practices that will maintain the dignity of the person in the face of technologies that offer possibilities for undermining it. As such it is both normative and scientific. It seeks to contribute to our understanding of what is happening and to offer guidance about what type of norms should emerge.
Subjects: Emerging Technologies (ET), Mobile Phones, Ubiquitous Computing
Keywords: collective behavior, technology, communication, social practices, electronically mediated interaction, communication technologies, social norms


Title: Can a wireless mesh save the broadband internet?
Author: Maija Pesola
Publication: FT Wireless Newsletter
Abstract or Excerpt: Caly says it offers a less costly solution. Rather than the traditional point-to-multipoint system - a base station beaming to a number of buildings - its network is built on the principle of a mesh. Small wireless nodes, about the size of early-nineties desktop PC monitors, act simultaneously as access points and routing nodes. Each node can receive and send on information, opening up new routes for the sending of information around the network. Rather than having to build an expensive tower to beam information directly to point d, the information can be ferried around smaller, less expensive customer sites a, b, and c to reach d.
Subjects: Emerging Technologies (ET), Wireless
Keywords: last mile, Caly Networks, optical fibre, wireless local loop, mesh, wireless nodes


Title: GeoNotes: Social Enhancement of Physical Space
Author: Per Persson, Fredrik Espinoza and Elenor Cacciatore
Publication: Social Mobile Computing Group, Kista, Sweden
Publication Date: 10/2001
Abstract or Excerpt: This paper describes the design ideas behind GeoNotes, a system that allows users to annotate physical locations with virtual 'notes', which are then pushed to or accessed by other users when in the vicinity. GeoNotes employs a number of social filtering techniques, which all rely on logging of usage rather than content.
Subjects: Cooperation, Emerging Technologies (ET), Location Sensitive Devices (LSD), Stockholm, Ubiquitous Computing, Wireless
Keywords: GeoNotes, social awareness, collaborative filtering techniques, social recommendation, augmented reality, social navigation, CSCW, positioning technology


Title: Mobile Computing and Communications: New Interactions Between Information Architecture and Infrastructure Use
Author: Anthony M. Townsend
Publication: Position paper prepared for Workshop on Bringing Information Technology to Infrastructure Institute for Civil Infrastructure Systems, Washington, DC, June 25-27, 2001
Abstract or Excerpt: Three technological trends are converging to strengthen and reinforce the link between databases, computation, and the day-to-day management of cities and urban infrastructure. 1. The expansion of terrestrial wireless communications networks for voice and data 2. The widespread use of geographic data and geographic information systems 3. Advances in positioning technologies such as the Global Positioning System
Subjects: Location Sensitive Devices (LSD), Mobile Phones, Ubiquitous Computing, Wireless
Keywords: urban planning, pervasive, social change, wireless communications networks, Global Positioning System, urban infrastructure


Title: How We Became Posthuman: Virtual Bodies in Cybernetics, Literature, and Informatics
Author: N. Katherine Hayles
Publication: Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1999


Title: Escape Velocity: Cyberculture at the End of the Century
Author: Mark Dery
Publication: New York: Grove Press, 1996


Title: The Age of Spiritual Machines: When Computers Exceed Human Intelligence
Author: Raymond Kurzweil
Publication: London: Penguin Viking, 1999


Title: Mobile Phones, Japanese Youth, And The Re-placement Of Social Contact
Author: Mizuko Ito
Publication: Presented at the Annual Meeting for the Society for the Social Studies of Science, November 2001
Abstract or Excerpt: While mobile phones have become a vehicle for youths to challenge the power-geometries of existing places such as the home, the classroom, and the street, they have also created new disciplines and power-geometries, the need to be continuously available to friends, and the need to always carry a functioning mobile device.
Subjects: Japan, Mobile Phones, SMS
Keywords: Japanese youth, fetishized object, technoculture, micropolitics, alternative sort of technosocial space


Title: Liberties fear over mobile phone details
Author: Stuart Millar and Paul Kelso
Publication: The Guardian
Publication Date: 10/27/2001
Abstract or Excerpt: One of the fastest growing mobile phone providers is indefinitely storing information that allows its customers' movements over the last two years to be mapped to within a few hundred metres.
Subjects: Location Sensitive Devices (LSD), London, Mobile Phones, Privacy, Surveillance, Wireless
Keywords: Virgin Mobile, WTC, terrorists, Regulation of Investigatory Powers Act, geographical usage patterns, location records


Title: Life in the Real-Time City: Mobile Telephones and Urban Metabolism
Author: Anthony M. Townsend
Publication: Journal of Urban Technology (7)2:85-104
Publication Date: 8/1/2000
Abstract or Excerpt: While in the past five years the Internet and World Wide Web have received a great deal of attention from the media and scholars alike, other telecommunications technologies have rapidly diffused in this period as well. Mobile telephones have been rapidly accepted throughout the urban world, particularly in countries with far lower levels of Internet use. While mobile telephones are sold as a technology that helps conquer constraints of location and geography, it is increasingly apparent that the time-management capabilities of this new tool are equally important. As a result, the widespread use of these devices is quickening of the pace of urban life and at an aggregate level, resulting in a dramatic increase in the metabolism of urban systems. This quickening metabolism is directly tied to the widespread formation of new decentralized information networks facilitated by this new technology. As a result, new paradigms for understanding the city and city planning in a decentralized context are discussed.
Subjects: Mobile Phones, Ubiquitous Computing
Keywords: urban planning, pervasive, Smart Mobs, telephone, taxis, WTO, Seattle


Title: On The Mobile: The Effects Of Mobile Telephones On Social And Individual Life
Author: Sadie Plant
Publication: Motorola
Abstract or Excerpt: Introduction on behalf of Motorola When Neil Armstrong uttered those historic words from the moon in 1969, it was Motorola technology that allowed him to be heard back on Earth. Now, in the 21st century, Motorola is helping individuals, communities and pioneers take their own giant leaps forward by making the most of a digital revolution which is changing the way we work, play and talk with each other. Today, the smallest Motorola phone has as much computing power in it as the largest, most expensive computer did less than a generation ago. We live in an age of intelligent machines that are in perpetual communication, creating new networks of knowledge, information and empowerment across the globe. And from mobile phones with constant internet access to smart cars that help you find your way home, Motorola is helping build a future that's safer, simpler and more smartly synchronised. But at the heart of any technological change is the human experience. And it's in understanding how the digital world is being experienced by all of us, as friends, colleagues and families, that we can gain the most insight into the shape of things to come.
Subjects: Japan, Mobile Phones, SMS, Wireless


Title: Nineteen Eighty-Four
Author: George Orwell
Publication: London: Martin Secker and Warburg, 1949


Title: From Big Brother to Electronic Panopticon, Chapter Four
Author: David Lyon
Publication: From: The Electronic Eye: The Rise of Surveillance Society, University of Minnesota Press, 1994
Abstract or Excerpt: The Police State and the Prison When I tell people that I am studying surveillance, and in particular investigating the ways that our personal details are stored in computer databases, the most common reaction is to invoke George Orwell; 'This must be the study of 'Big Brother'. A perfectly understandable response, given that Nineteen Eighty-Four is about a state that uses a huge bureaucratic apparatus, 'thought police', and the figure of 'Big Brother' on the everpresent telescreen to intervene in the smallest details of its citizens' daily lives.
Subjects: Privacy, Sociology, Surveillance
Keywords: Panopticon, Foucault, George Orwell, Big Brother, Gary T. Marx


Title: Intellectual property: The internet's undoing
Author: Lawrence Lessig
Publication: FT. com
Publication Date: 11/28/2001
Abstract or Excerpt: Commercial control and tighter protection of intellectual property will end up stifling innovation, warns Lawrence Lessig.
Keywords: Lessig, intellectual property, innovation, Internet Law, online commons, Network architecture, FCC


Title: Protecting Privacy While Revealing Data
Author: Bernardo A. Huberman and Tad Hogg
Publication: HP Laboratories
Abstract or Excerpt: There is an alternative to the familiar debate of privacy versus the public interest in access to medical data for epidemiological studies. It consists of cryptographic mechanisms that allow investigators to have access to individual's data and to contact them with further questions while at the same time preserving their full privacy.
Subjects: Privacy, Surveillance
Keywords: Genetics, medical, cryptography


Title: Monkey business on mobile phones
Publication: BBC
Publication Date: 12/5/2001
Abstract or Excerpt: Anthropologists at the Social Issues Research Centre (SIRC) in Oxford, UK, say chatting on the phone is the human equivalent of social grooming among chimpanzees and gorillas.
Subjects: Cooperation, Mobile Phones, Reputation Systems
Keywords: Social Issues Research Centre (SIRC), chimpanzees, gorillas, gossip, Barnraising, social lifeline


Title: Evolution, Alienation and Gossip: The role of mobile telecommunications in the 21st century
Author: Kate Fox
Publication: BT Cellnet, 2001
Abstract or Excerpt: Gossip is not a trivial pastime: it is essential to human social, psychological and even physical well-being. The mobile phone, by facilitating therapeutic gossip in an alienating and fragmented modern world, has become a vital 'social lifeline', helping us to re-create the more natural communication patterns of pre-industrial times.
Subjects: Cooperation, Mobile Phones, Reputation Systems
Keywords: social lifeline, reputation, gossip, therapeutic, Barnraising


Title: SMS Turns Detective
Author: Maija Pesola
Publication: FT.com email newsletter
Publication Date: 12/7/2001
Abstract or Excerpt: The capture of Hutomo "Tommy" Suharto by Indonesian police last week added a touch of detective glamour to the image of text messaging. The Jakarta police were able to track down the fugitive youngest son of Indonesia's former president - who had been on the run for over a year following a conviction for corruption and suspicion of involvement in a murder and bombing - by monitoring the SMS (short messaging service) messages he sent to his girlfriend.
Subjects: Mobile Phones, SMS, Surveillance
Keywords: SMS surveillance, Indonesia,


Title: Liberties fear over mobile phone details
Author: Stuart Millar and Paul Kelso
Publication: Guardian
Publication Date: 10/27/2001
Abstract or Excerpt: Records which map out users' whereabouts held indefinitely.
Subjects: Mobile Phones, Privacy, Surveillance
Keywords: Virgin Mobile, anti-terror legislation, Vodafone, WTC, terrorism


Title: Most Americans Support Government Surveillance, Poll Says
Author: John Rossomando
Publication: CNSNews.com
Publication Date: 12/13/2001
Abstract or Excerpt: Efforts by the ACLU and other civil liberties groups to turn public opinion against the president's anti-terrorism initiatives are falling on deaf ears, according to a poll conducted by Zogby International.
Subjects: Surveillance
Keywords: ACLU, Zogby,


Title: Computer Power and Human Reason
Author: Joseph Weizenbaum
Publication: San Francisco: W.H. Freeman, 1976


Title: City of Bits: Space, Place, and the Infobahn
Author: William J. Mitchell
Publication: Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1995


Title: Rich Media, Poor Democracy: Communication Politics in Dubious Times
Author: Robert McChesney
Publication: Champaign, IL: University of Illinois Press, 1999


Title: Undercover: Police Surveillance in America
Author: Gary T. Marx
Publication: Berkeley: University of California Press, 1988


Title: Power/Knowledge: Selected Interviews and Other Writings, 1972-1977, ed. by Colin Gordon
Author: Michel Foucault
Publication: New York: Pantheon, 1980


Title: Whatever Happened to the Electronic Cottage?
Author: Langdon Winner
Publication: Tech Knowledge Review 3.23
Publication Date: 7/27/2001
Abstract or Excerpt: We face the future with a toolbox better equipped than ever before. But there seems to be no hopeful vision specifying how our powerful tools ought to be deployed. Which material settings and social institutions should architects, engineers, business people, political leaders, and everyday citizens seek to build in the decades ahead? Will the present generation seize that question or (once again) scorn it?


Title: Look Who's Talking
Author: Howard Rheingold
Publication: Wired 7.01
Publication Date: 1/1999
Abstract or Excerpt: The Amish are famous for shunning technology. But their secret love affair with the cell phone is causing an uproar.




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